A priceless artifact found in 1982 by a Navy-trained diver about 500 feet from the wreck site, who wrote about his find in an authentification letter, establishing provenance. In 1699 the ship sailed from London to West Africa with a cargo of pewter, beads and other English goods.The ship then headed for Jamaica, where the captain sold the cargo of Africans.In 1843 Delany founded one of the earliest African American newspapers, the Mystery, devoted particularly to the abolition of slavery.Proud of his African ancestry, Delany advocated unrestricted equality for African Americans, and he participated in conventions to protest slavery.Authentic slave ball manufactured mid to late 1600s (above, left), with unique handle (approx.50 lb.), -- used on the known London-based slave ship, Henrietta Marie, the oldest identifiable slave ship wreck in the world (July 1700); featured in National Geographic's (August, 2002) -- for "trouble-makers", #3 written on it.In 1822 the family moved to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, to find a better racial climate, and at the age of 19 Martin attended an African American school in Pittsburgh.He married Kate Richards there in 1843; they had 11 children.
President Abraham Lincoln appointed him as a major in the infantry in charge of recruiting all-African American Union units.
Frederick Douglass, the leading African American abolitionist, made him coeditor of his newspaper, the North Star, in 1847.
But Delany left in 1849 to study medicine at Harvard.
By one estimate Henrietta Maries cargo grossed well over 3,000 (more than 0,000 today) for the ships investors.
Sturdy and fast, the Henrietta Marie traveled the infamous triangular trade route favored by the slavers -- from England to the Guinea coast, to the Americas, then home again.