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Bodybuilding dating uk

Another way of testing the concurrent validity of the BDS would be to examine its relation to muscle dysmorphia.

This has been suggested muscle dysmorphics have a distorted body image, see themselves as thin and puny even though they are actually large and muscular, and have a preoccupation with gaining muscle size and definition.

Although bodybuilding is a competitive sport, most people who describe themselves as bodybuilders do not actually compete.

refer to this phenomenon, but until recently it had not been empirically examined.

Objectives: To investigate the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the bodybuilding dependence scale and to investigate differences in bodybuilding dependence between men and women and competitive and non-competitive bodybuilders.

Methods: Seventy two male competitive bodybuilders, 63 female competitive bodybuilders, 87 male non-competitive bodybuilders, and 63 non-competitive female bodybuilders completed the bodybuilding dependence scale (BDS), the exercise dependence questionnaire (EDQ), and the muscle dysmorphia inventory (MDI).

As a very high level of commitment is clearly a prerequisite for becoming dependent on an activity, we hypothesised that competitive bodybuilders would score significantly higher than non-competitive bodybuilders on the three BDS subscales.

Sex differences are another important issue yet to be examined with regard to bodybuilding dependence.


  1. Apr 22, 2018. THE hunt for Mr and Miss Bolton is bringing top bodybuilders from all over the country to the town this month.

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