Step 2: Change the password Passwords are usually the weak spot of any supposedly secure system and webcams are no different.
A webcam that connects directly to a wi-fi network (usually called IP cams) will have a video feed and settings page that’s protected by a username and password.
Some laptop webcams have a sliding cover to achieve the same thing, but a piece of electrical tape or even a Post-it note stuck over the lens works just as well for other styles of integrated camera.
Even if you do use your webcam regularly, keeping it covered can prevent embarrassing incidents — like inadvertently accepting a Skype video chat with your boss when you’re working from home wearing just your underwear…
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To avoid a malware infection make sure you don’t click on any unusual email attachments or download anything suspicious. Step 4: Scan your PC for malware The best way to prevent this is to keep your operating system and web browser up-to-date and perform anti-malware scans on a regular basis.