Great Britain, France, and Russia assisted Greece in its struggle for independence, and Greece came under the protection of these powers by the London Protocol of 1830.
In 1832 the Bavarian Otto I became the first king of Greece, and in 1844 a conservative revolutionary force established a constitutional monarchy.
We have chosen a meze (taste) menu for this Greek cooking class to give you just that.
From the grills of the island coastlines, to soul food of the mainlands countryside; Greek Mezedes will have you head over heels.
The Eastern Orthodox church is the dominant religion; only about 1.5 percent of the population is Muslim, and a small percentage is Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, or Jewish.
Traditionally, Greeks referred to themselves as "Hellenes" and to the country of Greece as "Hellas." The word "Greek" comes from the Latin Graeci, a name given to the people of this region by the Romans.
In 1923, under the Treaty of Lausanne, more than 1.25 million Greeks moved from Turkey to Greece, and more than 400,000 Turks in Greece moved to Turkey.
Between the World Wars, the Greek population vacillated between the establishment of a republican form of government and the restoration of monarchy.
The white cross symbolizes the Greek Orthodox religion, while the blue stripes stand for the sea and sky, and the white stripes for the purity of the Greek struggle for independence.Nearly 2,000 islands surround its eastern, southern, and western borders.The nine major land areas that constitute Greece include Central Pindus, Thessaly, the Salonika Plain, Macedonia/Thrace, Peloponnesus, the Southeastern Uplands, the Ionian Islands, the Aegean Islands, and Crete.The capital city, Athens, and the cities of Thessaloniki (Salonika), Patras, Volos, and Larissa have the largest populations in Greece, which has a total population of approximately ten million.Ninety-seven percent of the ethnically and linguistically homogeneous nation speaks Greek, and one percent, Turkish.In 1952 Greece joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and also granted women the right to vote and to hold political office.During 1952 to 1963 Alexander Papagos and Konstantinos Karamanlis each held the office of prime minister.After the war Greece regained much of the territory it had lost to the Ottoman Empire.But in 1921 Greece began a war against the Turks in Asia Minor and suffered a crushing defeat in 1922.That year the Turks captured Constantinople, the capital of Byzantium, and Greece became part of the Ottoman Empire.Greece's declaration of independence from the Ottoman Empire on March 25, 1821, resulted in the Greek War of Independence, which lasted until 1829, and began the history of independent modern Greece.