A 2007 article in the compared the annual average number of cases and resulting deaths of various diseases before the advent of vaccines to those occurring in 2006.Before an effective diphtheria vaccine was developed in the 1930s, for example, the disease infected about 21,000 people in the United States each year, killing 1,800. Polio, too, went from deadly (16,000 cases, 1,900 deaths) to non-existent after vaccines were rolled out in the 1950s and 1960s.Millions of Americans believe it is perfectly all right to put other people at risk of death and misery.
Currently, all 50 states and the District of Columbia include at least some form of state-mandated vaccinations for young children who are entering school (including all public and most private institutions). But we rely on advertisers to support the quality journalism we work hard to produce.To support our work and bypass this message, consider signing up for our weekly newsletter below or whitelisting within your ad blocker.It now often includes diseases, such as hepatitis B, that rarely affect children.So what is the proper role for government, and the citizenry, in the vaccination of children?This can mean that new accounts or distribution lists are not available to all clients straight away.To configure Outlook to use the online global address list, perform the following procedures.Some 2,160 infants born to mothers infected by others were afflicted with congenital rubella syndrome-causing deafness, cloudy corneas, damaged hearts, and stunted intellects-as late as 1965. It is certainly true that much of the decline in infectious disease mortality has occurred as a result of improved sanitation and water chlorination.A 2004 study by the Harvard University economist David Cutler and the National Bureau of Economic Research economist Grant Miller estimated that the provision of clean water "was responsible for nearly half of the total mortality reduction in major cities, three-quarters of the infant mortality reduction, and nearly two-thirds of the child mortality reduction." Providing clean water and pasteurized milk resulted in a steep decline in deadly waterborne infectious diseases.Chickenpox used to infect 4 million kids a year, hospitalize 11,000, and kill 105; within a decade of a vaccine being rolled out in the mid-1990s, infections had dropped to 600,000, resulting in 1,276 hospitalizations and 19 deaths.Similar dramatic results can be found with whooping cough, measles, rubella, and more. In the case of rubella, which went from infecting 48,000 people and killing 17 per year, to infecting just 17 and killing zero, there were damaging pass-on effects that no longer exist.