The government does not provide any financial contributions to the church, and the church does not participate in public education. According to the Government's 2000 census, approximately 87 percent of respondents identified themselves as at least nominally Roman Catholic.
Other religious groups for which the 2000 census provided estimates included evangelicals, with 1.71 percent of the population; other Protestant evangelical groups, 2.79 percent; members of Jehovah's Witnesses, 1.25 percent; "Historical" Protestants, 0.71 percent; Seventh-day Adventists, 0.58 percent; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 0.25 percent; Jews, 0.05 percent; and other religions, 0.31 percent.
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright is reputed to have declared the Puuc-style architecture of the Maya as the best in the Western Hemisphere.
The New Spanish Baroque dominated in early colonial Mexico.
The academy promoted Neoclassicism, focusing on Greek and Roman art and architecture.
Notable Neoclassical works include the Hospicio Cabañas, a world heritage site, and the Palacio de Minería, both by Spanish Mexican architect Manuel Tolsá.
Following the conquest, the first artistic efforts were directed at evangelization and the related task of building churches.Modern Mexican literature was influenced by the concepts of the Spanish colonialization of Mesoamerica.Outstanding colonial writers and poets include Juan Ruiz de Alarcón and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.The Spanish arrival and colonization brought Roman Catholicism to the country, which became the main religion of Mexico.Mexico is a secular state, and the Constitution of 1917 and anti-clerical laws imposed limitations on the church and sometimes codified state intrusion into church matters.Rufino Tamayo and Frida Kahlo produced more personal works with abstract elements.Mexican art photography was largely fostered by the work of Manuel Álvarez Bravo.Other notable writers include Alfonso Reyes, José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi, Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Maruxa Vilalta, Carlos Fuentes, Octavio Paz (Nobel Laureate), Renato Leduc, Mariano Azuela ("Los de abajo"), Juan Rulfo ("Pedro Páramo") and Bruno Traven.Although the overwhelming majority of Mexicans today speak Spanish, there is no de jure official language at the federal level.Mexican literature has its antecedents in the literature of the indigenous settlements of Mesoamerica.The most well known prehispanic poet is Netzahualcoyotl.