Using C as our base text we have drawn from L and H where emendations seemed appropriate. It could also be a division between stages of life as seems to be suggested by line 18 announcing Horn's age. In later romances hand-to-hand combat takes place only after an opponent is knocked off his horse.
Our emendations occur where there are omissions in the base text and where textual cruces have been noted by previous editors. Hall notes that "to play almost regularly means to ride out by wood or water" (p. But it could also suggest specific leisure time activities of the aristocracy such as hunting and hawking. 42 53 (1984), 73-77, there are "twenty-seven instances where God or Christ is mentioned in one or more of the three manuscripts and in only five of them is there consensus of agreement in all three" (p. Hall thinks this episode harkens back to a pre-Conquest English custom. Her desire to separate herself from the world is an act reminiscent of the desert saints but also could be an act of self defense.
258-61 Rymenhild's speechlessness is a symptom of love sickness. Mc Knight and Hall note the popularity of this expression.
455 , which she suggests adds the appropriate touch of graciousness and humility.
At this point, Horn is still considered a "child," not only because of his tender age, but because of his impending social, political, and military obligations. Ramsey, in as a "child exile" narrative, a story about "growing up in a personal, military, social, and political sense" (p. In line 1529 Athulf is called "child" not in the sense of immaturity, but rather as an indication of his chivalry.
117-30 The boat has been set adrift and becomes subject to the will of God. Horn and his companions are treated as orphans rather than enemies, a sign of their lack of martial prowess and the accoutrements of knighthood.
See also Liam Purdon, " has a range of meanings including those implicating innocent games of "merriment" and "pleasure" as well as more serious games of martial prowess and sexual intercourse.
The context here seems to suggest a certain degree of intense sexual interest, something akin to the pleasure of foreplay. that comelich was isprad with palle" (lines 781-83). The lines preceding Rymenhild's "are much too abrupt." Both H and L support this with more rhetorical foreplay. Hall's note illuminates Horn's motive for describing himself as the son of a thrall (peasant): "Horn's statement is dictated by caution and the desire not to compromise his master Athelbrus, who has told him to be careful and true to him" (p. 427-28 The disparity in social status for a marriage alliance such as this in actual life would be subject to disapprobation.